Colon cancer, also known as colorectal cancer, is a type of cancer that starts in the colon or rectum. These organs are part of the digestive system, and cancer that develops in them is sometimes referred to as “gastrointestinal cancer.”
Risk factors for colon cancer include a family history of the disease, age (it is more common in people over 50), and a diet high in red meat and processed foods. Other risk factors include smoking, heavy alcohol consumption, and a lack of physical activity.
Symptoms of colon cancer can include changes in bowel habits (such as constipation or diarrhea), blood in the stool, abdominal pain, and weight loss. However, it’s important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other, less serious conditions, so if you experience any of them, it’s important to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis.
The best way to prevent colon cancer is to get screened regularly. Screening tests can detect colon cancer before symptoms develop, when it is most treatable. These tests include a colonoscopy, a fecal occult blood test, and a stool DNA test.
If colon cancer is detected, treatment options include surgery to remove the cancerous tissue, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The specific treatment plan will depend on the stage of the cancer and the patient’s overall health.
It’s important to remember that colon cancer is a highly treatable disease when caught early. Eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and not smoking can all help reduce your risk of colon cancer. If you are over 50 or have other risk factors, it’s important to talk to your doctor about getting screened for colon cancer.
In summary, colon cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the colon or rectum. Risk factors include a family history of the disease, age, and diet. The best way to prevent colon cancer is to get screened regularly, and treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
To know more about the above condition or if you are experiencing any of these symptoms please contact our specialists at Saraf Hospital. They will be able to guide and treat you. Rectal cancer is curable if treated early.
Laparoscopic and 3-D Laparoscopic surgery is offered at Saraf Hospital along with multimodality gastroenterology and medical oncology support.